Holy crap Tom, break it out and move it here. This is a really big forum, with more than one thread to post upon. [Done. The Threadliners topic is getting a bit big. - Tom]
In the meantime, here's the Spanish-made Sagarra. Comparable in size to a modern "10,000"
The first skirted spool spinning reel, c. 1948, and still made in this form today.
Most people think of DAM Quick reels as small, and they gave the delicate name Finessa to one of their big surf reels
The first DAM flip-bail, SW-68 - there was an earlier half-bail version (unfortunately, the company history page became polluted with malware)
My largest Penn is a 712, and that's as big as I want to take fishing
(modern reels in the same size are half the weight)